Urban land use: Zoning

zoning

What is zoning?

Zoning is the practice of allocating different areas of a Town, or City different uses. Zoning is an explicit and legal way of ordering land uses and is the basic tool of urban planning today. Through zoning, local governments have the legal obligation to relate every piece of private property to all others and to be concerned about the health, safety and well being of the community.

Types of zoning
There are several types of zoning codes in use today and combinations thereof. It is sometimes difficult to distinguish between the “types” of codes and their respective “formats” or “techniques”, so all will be discussed here to some extent

Residential zones
a) Single Detached Residential Zone

  • This zone provides the opportunity for single family housing.

b) Low Density Infill Zone

  • This zone provides the opportunity for retaining single family housing, while allowing some duplex development.

c) Low Density Redevelopment Zone

  • This zone provides the opportunity for single family and duplex housing while allowing some apartment or row housing with up to four units.

d) Residential Small Lot Zone

  • This zone provides the opportunity for single family housing with attached garages on smaller lots.

e) Planned Lot Residential Zone

  • This zone provides the opportunity for single family housing on smaller lots and accessed by a rear lane.

f) Semi-Detached Zone

  • This zone provides the opportunity for primarily semi-detached and duplex housing.

g) Row Housing Zone

  • This zone provides the opportunity for relatively low to medium density housing, such as row houses or town houses.

h) Medium Density Multiple Family Zone

  • This zone provides the opportunity for medium density housing, such as row houses or town houses that may have separate second storey units.

i) Low Rise Apartment Zone

  • This zone provides the opportunity for low rise apartment buildings up to four storeys.

j) Medium Rise Apartment Zone

  • This zone provides the opportunity for medium rise apartment buildings up to six storeys in height.

k) High Rise Apartment Zone

  • This zone provides the opportunity for high rise apartment buildings.

l) Rural Residential Zone

  • This zone provides the opportunity for permanent single family residential development in a rural setting.

m) Urban Character Row Housing Zone

  • This zone provides for medium density Row Housing in a manner that is characteristic of urban settings and can include more intensive development in the form of, but not limited to, smaller yards, greater height, orientation to a public street, and greater attention to architectural detail. This zone is intended as a transition zone between low and higher density housing.

 

Commercial zones

a) Neighborhood Convenience Commercial Zone

  • This zone provides the opportunity for convenience commercial and personal service uses, intended to serve the day-to-day needs of residents within the neighborhood.

b) Shopping Centre Zone

  • This zone provides the opportunity for larger shopping centres intended to serve a community or regional area. Residential, office, entertainment and cultural uses may be included in this zone.

c) Low Intensity Business Zone

  • This zone provides the opportunity for low intensity commercial, office and service uses located along arterial roadways that border residential areas.

d) General Business Zone

  • This zone provides the opportunity for businesses that require large sites and a location with good visibility and accessibility along, or adjacent to major public roadways.

e) Commercial Mixed Business Zone

  • This zone provides the opportunity for medium intensity commercial development near capacity transportation nodes.

f) Highway Corridor Zone

  • This zone provides the opportunity for high quality commercial development along roads serving as entrance routes to the City.

g) Commercial Office Zone

  • This zone provides the opportunity for medium intensity office, commercial and residential development in the inner city, around Light Rail Transit station areas or other locations offering good accessibility by private automobile and transit.

Industrial zones

a) Industrial Business Zone

  • This zone provides the opportunity for industrial businesses that carry out their operations such that no nuisance is created or apparent outside an enclosed building, and the use is compatible with any adjacent non-industrial zones.

b) Light Industrial Zone

  • This zone provides the opportunity for high quality, light industrial developments and limited accessory outdoor activities. Any nuisance factor associated with these uses will not extend outside an enclosed building.

c) Medium Industrial Zone

  • This zone provides the opportunity for manufacturing, processing, assembly, distribution, service and repair uses that carry out part of their operation outdoors or require outdoor storage areas. Any nuisance associated with these uses should not extend beyond the site.

d) Heavy Industrial Zone

  • This zone provides the opportunity for industrial uses that due to their appearance, noise, odour, risk of toxic emissions, or fire and explosion hazards are incompatible with residential, commercial, and other land uses.

Urban Services zones

a) Urban Service Zone

  • This zone provides the opportunity for publicly and privately owned facilities which provide institutional or community services.

b) Public Utility Zone

  • This zone provides the opportunity for a system or utilities that are used to benefit the public, such as water, sewage disposal, electric power, heating, waste management, drainage, public transportation and telecommunications.

c) Public Parks Zone

  • This zone provides the opportunity for an area of public land for recreational uses.

d) Natural Areas Protection Zone

  • This zone provides the opportunity for the conservation, preservation and restoration of identified natural areas, features and ecological processes.

e) River Valley Activity Node Zone

  • This zone provides the opportunity for limited commercial development for recreation and tourism uses within designated areas of parkland along the river, creeks and ravines.

Benefits of zoning

  • Stabilize and increase property values, particularly residential properties,
  • Relieve and check congestion in the streets and neighborhoods,
  • Increase safety and enhance security and administration of security services in buildings and residential neighborhoods,
  • Make business more efficient by ensuring there is order, and
  • Make life healthier by increasing the quality and aesthetic values of a locality, neighborhood, city or town.
Advertisements

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s